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World History Subject Guide (archived): Immigration/Citizenship

Some relevant reference books

Family tree software (free)

Other software is available, but not for free.  One example is Family Tree Maker.

About genealogy

Visualizing immigration to the U.S.

Genealogy resources

Subscription resources

Many Vermont public libraries, including the Rutland Free Library and the Castleton Free Library, offer access to Heritage Quest Online. You can get a library card from the Castleton Free Library as a Castleton student. 

Heritage Quest
Genealogical research database offers a collection of family and local history books as well as the complete census from 1790 – 1930.
(You can log-in through your public library if it subscribes, or students can get a library card from the local Castleton public library)

Rutland Free Library offers access to in the library only.  You can sign up personally for trial access on "The world’s largest online resource for family history with more than 11 billion historical records. Sources include censuses, vital records, immigration records, family histories, military records, court and legal documents, directories, photos, maps, and more."

Free Online Resources

Rutland Free Library provides genealogy information and access to resources at

Cyndi’s List of Genealogy Sites
Over 260,000 Web sites for the genealogist. Sites are categorized and cross-referenced by many categories. Particularly good for access to library catalogs around the world. Includes links to resources for African-Americans.

Run by the the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, this site has over 2 million rolls of microfilmed original records and hundreds of thousands of books and maps. This is an online catalog for the largest genealogy library in the world. Materials that are available on microfiche and microfilm may be requested at minimal cost at local LDS family history centers.

GENUKI (Genealogy of the United Kingdom and Ireland) provides a virtual reference library of genealogical information of particular relevance to the UK and Ireland.

RootsWeb the Internet’s oldest and largest FREE genealogical community. An award winning genealogical resource. Owned by Provides searchable databases, mailing lists, message boards, family trees, and more.

USGenWeb project A volunteer project to provide Internet sites for genealogical research in every county and state of the U.S. Includes access to the USGW Digital Library transcription project and a variety of other special projects and sites.".

For African-Americans

Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society

African-American resources from Cyndi's List

African-American Genealogy from the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore

African-American Gateway from the Allen County (Indiana) Public Library
Genealogy resources by state

Other resources

Immigration History Research Center Digital Resources from the University of Minnesota.  Links to archives from different immigrant ethnic groups.

Digital Public Library of America

American Family History Research Center (

Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930 from Harvard University's Open Collections Program

Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop from UC Berkeley

Provides primary and secondary sources, arranged by source and theme and links to the Bureau of the Census, Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the National Archives and Record Administration, and more

More resources

for resources on countries, regions, and cultures

In the Sea There Are Crocodiles guide
has more information on migrants and refugees

Vermont history

Current citizenship and migration policy

Citizen Laws of the World, based on information from the U.S. Office of Personnel Management.  Possibly out of date, but a starting point. Contains links to countries' embassy websites.

Country Resources from the Migration Policy Institute: how countries manage the immigration and integration of migrants

Center for Immigration Studies
Studies the impact of immigration on the US

Primary sources/digital collections

See the
Primary Sources tab
on this guide.

U.S. Immigration, a subset of the primary sources collected by the Internet History Sourcebook at Fordham University

Some ebooks

Click on the title to read the book online

Using the VSC online catalog

Use the
Vermont State Colleges Online Catalog
to browse or search for books and more
in the holdings of the VSC libraries. 

Here are links to some subject headings in the VSC catalog that might be useful.