Skip to Main Content Castleton Third Party Header

Spartan Savvy: Integrative Model for Information Literacy

Activities covering information literacy topics

Library Sessions

A traditional and common approach to librarian-led information literacy instruction has been:

  • One-shot: Single meeting, often in the library
  • Section-specific: Tailored to the specifics of that class section
  • Just-in-time: Before a research assignment is due and at the point of needing sources

This approach may help students with research in a particular course, but it is unlikely to promote an integrative understanding of information literacy concepts.  It also separates information sources from the research and creative process, creating information value around format and “findability” rather than promoting inquiry and scholarly conversation.

Since Fall 2017, the Calvin Coolidge Library has been piloting an Integrative Model for Information Literacy Instruction, offering faculty-requested, librarian-led instruction across 4 scaffolded instruction sessions.  Request a session today!

We have designed four library sessions meant to be scaffolded across the undergraduate experience as follows:

Integrative Model for Instruction


Instruction Topic

Instruction Goals

Information Literacy Topics

Framework Concepts

Lesson Plan & LibGuide


Information Value and Landscape

Introduction to the information creation process and to the value of information and its place in scholarship. 

Information Creation

Information Creation as a Process; Information Has Value; Authority Is Constructed and Contextual

FYS Session Lesson Plan

Format Matters LibGuide

Value of Information

Information & Scholarship 

English Composition

Integrating and Using Sources

Introduction to the concept of authority.  Discuss strategies for determining source credibility, and for ethically integrating sources into original works. 


Information Creation as a Process; Authority Is Constructed and Contextual; Scholarship as Conversation

Eng Comp Session Lesson Plan

Authority and Using Sources LibGuide

Source Credibility

Integrating Sources

Ethical use of Sources

Third-Year Common Course or Research Intensive Course

Research Process

Introduction to research as a process of inquiry and strategic exploration.  Discuss strategies for locating a variety of sources.

Research as Inquiry

Scholarship as Conversation; Research as Inquiry; Searching as Strategic Exploration

3rd Year Session Lesson Plan

Research Process LibGuide


Searching as Strategic Exploration

Types of Sources

Locating Sources

Capstone Course

Information for Profession and Scholarship

Introduction to the concept of scholarship as conversation.  Discuss strategies for locating and using sources in the discipline and profession.

Scholarship as conversation

Information Creation as a Process; Scholarship as Conversation; Searching as Strategic Exploration

LibGuides and lesson plans will vary for this session.

Locating sources in the discipline and profession

Unless otherwise noted, all activities and sessions are shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license.