Research studies are usually either "quantitative" or "qualitative."
Quantitative research: An experiment is conducted from which data are collected and quantified in some fashion, i.e. counted, analyzed numerically (e.g. effectiveness of a treatment).
Quantitative Buzzwords: Compare, Assess, Evaluate, Measure, Test
Qualitative research: The data collected is more descriptive of people's beliefs, attitudes, etc. and is gathered through methods such as interviews and focus groups.
Qualitative Buzzwords: Identify, Explore, Describe, Explain
Pisarik, C., & Whelchel, T. (2018). Academic Relevance: College Students' Perspective. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 30(1), 26-35. Retrieved from https://castleton.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,url,uid&db=ehh&AN=128230325&site=ehost-live&scope=site
D'Amico, A., & Guastaferro, T. (2017). Emotional and meta-emotional intelligence as predictors of adjustment problems in students with specific learning disorders. International Journal of Emotional Education, 9(2), 17-30. Retrieved from https://castleton.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1977193819?accountid=9930
Selekman, J. (2017). Students With Chronic Conditions: Experiences and Challenges of Regular Education Teachers. Journal of School Nursing, 33(4), 307–315. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059840516674053
McConnell, D. A., Chapman, L., Czajka, C. D., Jones, J. P., Ryker, K. D., & Wiggen, J. (2017). Instructional utility and learning efficacy of common active learning strategies. Journal of Geoscience Education, 65(4), 604-625. Retrieved from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1161312
"An empirical research article is an article which reports research based on actual observations or experiments. The research may use quantitative research methods, which generate numerical data and seek to establish causal relationships between two or more variables. Empirical research articles may use qualitative research methods, which objectively and critically analyze behaviors, beliefs, feelings, or values with few or no numerical data available for analysis."
Articles that discuss original research have the following format: