It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
On Order (2/20)
"Based on research, the adverse health and psychological consequences of this occupation far outweigh the dangers of the street. The primary purpose of this book is therefore to focus on these less known, less talked about dangers in policing. The mental well-being, health, and average life span of police officers appear to be affected by these factors."
Power by Konstantinos Papazoglou (Editor); Daniel M. Blumberg (Editor)
Publication Date: 2019-11-14
Power: Police Officer Wellness, Ethics, and Resilience collectively presents the numerous psychic wounds experienced by peace officers in the line of duty, including compassion fatigue, moral injury, PTSD, operational stress injury, organizational and operational stress, and loss.
Community Oriented Polices Services (COPS) "The National Officer Safety and Wellness (OSW) Group brings together representatives from law enforcement, federal agencies, and the research community to address the significantly high number of officer gunfire fatalities and to improve officer safety and wellness."
Launched in July 2020 by the Council on Criminal Justice, "the Comission assesses the impact of COVID-19 on the justice system, develop strategies to limit outbreaks, and produce a priority agenda of systemic policy changes to better balance public health and public safety."
"This page has up-to-date resources for law enforcement officials how agencies are responding to the threat posed by COVID-19, as well as more general guidance from the Police Executive Research Forum ( PERF) and the federal government.
"....it is my responsibility and honor to establish this Commission, which will serve the important function of studying ways to make American law enforcement the most trusted and effective guardians of our communities."
Policy makers have long expressed concerns about the substantial external costs of alcohol, and similar costs could come with the liberalization of marijuana policy. Indeed, the fraction of fatal accidents in which at least one driver tested positive for tetrahydrocannabinol has increased nationwide by an average of 10% from 2013 to 2016. For Colorado and Washington, both of which legalized marijuana in 2014, these increases were 92% and 28%, respectively.
A few years ago, the National Academy of Medicine convened a panel of sixteen leading medical experts to analyze the scientific literature on cannabis. The report they prepared, which came out in January of 2017, runs to four hundred and sixty-eight pages. It contains no bombshells or surprises, which perhaps explains why it went largely unnoticed. It simply stated, over and over again, that a drug North Americans have become enthusiastic about remains a mystery.
For example, smoking pot is widely supposed to diminish the nausea associated with chemotherapy. But, the panel pointed out, “there are no good-quality randomized trials investigating this option.” We have evidence for marijuana as a treatment for pain, but “very little is known about the efficacy, dose, routes of administration, or side effects of commonly used and commercially available cannabis products in the United States.” The caveats continue. Is it good for epilepsy? “Insufficient evidence.” Tourette’s syndrome? Limited evidence. A.L.S., Huntington’s, and Parkinson’s? Insufficient evidence. Irritable-bowel syndrome? Insufficient evidence. Dementia and glaucoma? Probably not. Anxiety? Maybe. Depression? Probably not.
Then come Chapters 5 through 13, the heart of the report, which concern marijuana’s potential risks. The haze of uncertainty continues. Does the use of cannabis increase the likelihood of fatal car accidents? Yes. By how much? Unclear. Does it affect motivation and cognition? Hard to say, but probably. Does it affect employment prospects? Probably. Will it impair academic achievement? Limited evidence. This goes on for pages.
"Marijuana and opioid use affect driving and can cause crashes. State highway safety
offices are concerned: in a survey, virtually all said drugged driving is a problem
and the majority rated it equal to or more important than driving while impaired by alcohol."
Howard Zehr is the father of Restorative Justice and is known worldwide for his pioneering work in transforming understandings of justice. Here he proposes workable principles and practices for making Restorative Justice possible in this revised and updated edition of his bestselling, seminal book on the movement.
Misdemeanorland by Issa Kohler-Hausmann
Publication Date: 2018-04-03
An in-depth look at the consequences of New York City's dramatically expanded policing of low-level offenses Felony conviction and mass incarceration attract considerable media attention these days, yet the most common criminal-justice encounters are for misdemeanors, not felonies, and the most common outcome is not prison.
Uneasy Peace by Patrick Sharkey
Publication Date: 2018-01-16
Over the past two decades, American cities have experienced an astonishing drop in violent crime, dramatically changing urban life. In many cases, places once characterized by decay and abandonment are now thriving, the fear of death by gunshot wound replaced by concern about skyrocketing rents. In 2014, most U.S. cities were safer than they had ever been in the history of recorded statistics on crime. Patrick Sharkey reveals the striking consequences: improved school test scores, since children are better able to learn when not traumatized by nearby violence; better chances that poor children will rise into the middle class; and a striking increase in the life expectancy of African American men.
Locking up Our Own by James Forman
Publication Date: 2017-04-18
Today, Americans are debating our criminal justice system with new urgency. Mass incarceration and aggressive police tactics-and their impact on people of color-are feeding outrage and a consensus that something must be done.But what if we only know half the story? In Locking Up Our Own, the Yale legal scholar and former public defender James Forman Jr. weighs the tragic role that some African Americans themselves played in escalating the war on crime. As Forman shows, the first substantial cohort of black mayors, judges, and police chiefs took office around the country amid a surge in crime.
Compiled by the University of Maryland's National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2017.
Panel discussion on addressing the crisis at the 2018 John Jay College Guggenheim Symposium. MODERATOR Kevin Johnson, journalist, USA Today. Panelists José Diaz-Briseño, Washington correspondent, La Reforma, Mexico; Paul Cell, First Vice President, International Association of Chiefs of Police; Chief of Police, Montclair State University (NJ); Rita Noonan of the CDC.
Second panel discussion at 2018 John Jay Guggenheim Symposium. MODERATOR Stephen Handelman. Panelists: The Hon. Judith Claire, (ret) Chatauqua County (NY) Family Treatment Court; The Hon. Craig Hannah, Presiding judge, Buffalo “Opiate Treatment Court”; and BURLINGTON Chief of Police Brandon del Pozo, and others.
A history of the crisis and statistical overview by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Dopesick by Beth Macy
Publication Date: 2018-08-07
An instant New York Times and indie bestseller, Dopesick is the only book to fully chart the devastating opioid crisis in America: "a harrowing, deeply compassionate dispatch from the heart of a national emergency" (New York Times) from a bestselling author and journalist who has lived through it In this masterful work, Beth Macy takes us into the epicenter of America's twenty-plus year struggle with opioid addiction.
Sen. Patrick Leahy, vice chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee, announced Thursday that the University of Vermont is receiving $6.6 million from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Health Resources and Services Administration’s Rural Communities Opioid Response Program for Rural Centers of Excellence on Substance Use Disorders.
Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism by Anne Case; Angus Deaton
Publication Date: 2020-03-17
From economist Anne Case and Nobel Prize winner Angus Deaton, a groundbreaking account of how the flaws in capitalism are fatal for America's working class Life expectancy in the United States has recently fallen for three years in a row--a reversal not seen since 1918 or in any other wealthy nation in modern times. In the past two decades, deaths of despair from suicide, drug overdose, and alcoholism have risen dramatically, and now claim hundreds of thousands of American lives each year--and they're still rising. Anne Case and Angus Deaton, known for first sounding the alarm about deaths of despair, explain the overwhelming surge in these deaths and shed light on the social and economic forces that are making life harder for the working class. They demonstrate why, for those who used to prosper in America, capitalism is no longer delivering.
The Vermont Judiciary operates treatment court dockets and specialty dockets throughout the state. These dockets offer individuals with substance use disorders and mental health conditions the opportunity to enter treatment and avoid certain consequences, such as incarceration or termination of parental rights.
On April 9, 2015, the United States District Court for the District of Vermont launched its inaugural session of the Rutland Federal Drug Court (RFDC), an adult drug court for pre-trial defendants in the Rutland area.
The National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) was formed in 1997 in response to a great need for standardized, evidence-based training and technical assistance as a result of the rapid expansion of problem-solving courts across the US.
The Bureau of Justice Assistance and the National Institute of Justice funded drug court experts at the National Center for State Courts and American University to produce a series of webinars, webcasts and other materials to promote timely dissemination of research on addiction, substance abuse treatment, and drug court programming.
The Center conceives, plans, and operates programs that seek to test new ideas, solve difficult problems, and achieve system change. Our projects include community-based violence prevention projects, alternatives to incarceration, reentry initiatives, and court-based programs that reduce the use of unnecessary incarceration and promote positive individual and family change.
May 2018, two page fact sheet produced by the Office of Justice Programs (USDOJ), describing the drug court model and listing additional resources.
Stop and Frisk by Michael D. White; Henry F. Fradella
Publication Date: 2016-10-11
Winner, 2019 Outstanding Book Award, given by the American Society of Criminology's Division of Policing Section The first in-depth history and analysis of a much-abused policing policy No policing tactic has been more controversial than "stop and frisk," whereby police officers stop, question and frisk ordinary citizens, who they may view as potential suspects, on the streets.
Criminal Procedure and the Supreme Court by Craig Hemmens; Rolando V. Del Carmen
Publication Date: 2010-09-15
In any episode of the popular television show Law and Order, questions of police procedure in collecting evidence often arise. Was a search legal?
While not all marijuana users experience problems, nearly 3 of 10 marijuana users manifested a marijuana use disorder in 2012-2013. Because the risk for marijuana use disorder did not increase among users, the increase in prevalence of marijuana use disorder is owing to an increase in prevalence of users in the US adult population. Given changing laws and attitudes toward marijuana, a balanced presentation of the likelihood of adverse consequences of marijuana use to policy makers, professionals, and the public is needed.
Further research on the use of cannabis-derived substances as medicine should be encouraged and facilitated by the federal government. The adverse effects of marijuana, including, but not limited to, the likelihood of addiction, must be simultaneously studied.
Weir (2015) Monitor on Psychology
There are a lot of open questions" about the long-term effects of marijuana, says Susan Weiss, PhD, director of the division of extramural research at the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). "But there's a growing literature, and it's all pointing in the same direction: Starting young and using frequently may disrupt brain development.
Marijuana shows considerable promise for treating medical conditions including pain, muscle spasms, seizure disorders and nausea from cancer chemotherapy. At least some of those benefits are thought to come from cannabidiol, a chemical component of the marijuana plant not thought to produce mind-altering effects. But there's a lot left to learn about this and other chemical compounds in marijuana. Recently, the Senate recommended $800,000 for an Institute of Medicine study on medical marijuana, and has also encouraged the National Institutes of Health to support more research on cannabidiol.
What's clear, however, is that marijuana's signature high comes from a psychoactive component known as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). And evidence is mounting, says Weiss, that THC is not risk-free.
In the short term, marijuana use has been shown to impair functions such as attention, memory, learning and decision-making. Those effects can last for days after the high wears off. Heavy marijuana use in adolescence or early adulthood has been associated with a dismal set of life outcomes including poor school performance, higher dropout rates, increased welfare dependence, greater unemployment and lower life satisfaction.
The Commission and its three subcommittees will evaluate the experience of other states, credible research and available data to inform recommendations to the Governor. A subcommittee on roadway safety will examine and present findings on drugged driving, and recommend appropriate measures to ensure roadway safety. A second subcommittee on education and prevention will focus on how best to measure impacts on public health and how to restrict access to marijuana by minors.
Critical Criminology. June 2016, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p263, 16 p.
Hollowing Out the Middle by Patrick J. Carr; Maria J. Kefalas
Publication Date: 2010-07-27
In 2001, with funding from the MacArthur Foundation, sociologists Patrick J. Carr and Maria J. Kefalas moved to Iowa to understand the rural brain drain and the exodus of young people from America's countryside.
Persistence and Change in Rural Communities by Albert Luloff (Editor); R. S. Krannich (Editor)
Publication Date: 2002-11-08
In the 1930s and 1940s the US Department of Agriculture undertook detailed studies of six US rural communities .... Fifty years later the same study areas were revisited by a team of rural sociologists, with the goal of assessing what changes have occurred and what community characteristics have persisted. This book assesses these changes in rural life.
Dopesick by Beth Macy
Publication Date: 2018-08-07
In this masterful work, Beth Macy takes us into the epicenter of America's twenty-plus year struggle with opioid addiction. From distressed small communities in Central Appalachia to wealthy suburbs; from disparate cities to once-idyllic farm towns; it's a heartbreaking trajectory that illustrates how this national crisis has persisted for so long and become so firmly entrenched.
Rural Poverty in the United States by Ann R. Tickamyer (Editor); Jennifer Warlick; Jennifer Sherman (Editor); Jennifer Warlick (Editor)
Publication Date: 2017-08-22
America's rural areas have always held a disproportionate share of the nation's poorest populations. .. Considering gender, race, and immigration, the book appreciates the overlooked structural and institutional dimensions of ongoing rural poverty and its larger social consequences.
U.S. Department of Justice supported initiative that encourages criminal justice agencies to adopt incident (sentinel event) review practices developed by medicine, aviation and other fields. Sentinel event reviews.
Mallory O’Brien, Assistant Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin, discusses the Wisconsin’s Overdose Fatality Review process, a joint effort of the State Departments of Justice and Public Health, that brings together all of the stakeholders to share specific case information to understand the overdose,
Police Foundation's Law Enforcement Officer (LEO) Near Miss reporting website where officers "anonymously share “close calls” or “near misses” in order to help their peers stay safe and prevent tragedies."
The Police Foundation believes that some of the best lessons and improvements in policing can come from critical incident or after-action reviews, particularly when such reviews are completed with independent experts in a manner that places emphasis on learning and improvement instead of responsibility or fault.
Critical incident reviews have been completed on major, multi-jurisdictional incidents and individual agency incidents and activities. Included in the virtual library below are critical incident and after-action reviews and reports prepared by the Police Foundation and other organizations and agencies, through governmental and private funding sources.
The mission of the National Domestic Violence Fatality Review Initiative (NDVFRI) is to provide technical assistance for the reviewing of domestic violence related deaths with the underlying objectives of preventing them in the future, p
"In March, 2015, Franklin County’s new coroner, Dr. Anahi Ortiz, created a fatality-review board, to scrutinize each unintentional-overdose death in her jurisdiction and identify gaps in the system. She told me, “I brought law enforcement into the room. I brought public health into the room. I brought treatment centers into the room. I brought the public defender into the room.” The reforms led to important improvements, including the increased use of Narcan, an injection or nasal spray that can immediately reverse a heroin overdose.
From the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Occupational Outlook Handbook is a comprehensive guide to career information about hundreds of occupations. Includes projections of growth rates and number of new jobs within each occupational field.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (part of the US Dept. of Justice) "created the National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) in 1995 to coordinate resources and providers, increase TTA responsiveness to consumer needs, and promote the use of best practices and standards in TTA assessment, planning, delivery, and evaluation."
"The Sentinel Events Initiative (SEI) is a joint project of the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). It seeks to empower local jurisdictions to take an all-stakeholder, non-blaming, forward-looking approach to learning from errors, with the goal of mitigating future risk. SEI assists jurisdictions to build capacity and conduct their own sentinel event reviews to transform bad events into opportunities to address systemic flaws, prevent their recurrence, and earn public trust, thereby increasing safety, lowering costs, and instilling a culture of disclosure."
Explore the transformative power of education through the eyes of a dozen incarcerated men and women trying to earn college degrees – and a chance at new beginnings – from one of the country’s most rigorous prison education programs.
he long-standing pre-occupation with the prison, and more recent concerns about'mass incarceration'have allowed the emergence of'mass supervision to remain in the shadows. Pervasive Punishment insists that we remedy this neglect and exemplifies how we can do so.
The purpose of this book is to address the proper preparation for careers in criminal justice. Now more than ever, there is a societal demand for willing college graduates who are prepared to enter the field at the basic level, and eager to develop themselves into positions of responsibility and leadership. Due to rapid and continuous changes in technology and overall society, students entering the field of criminal justice employment will be expected to adjust to changes in their line of work.
The Color of Justice: race, ethnicity, and crime in America by Samuel Walker; Cassia Spohn; Miriam DeLoneComprehensive and balanced, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE: RACE, ETHNICITY, AND CRIME IN AMERICA is the definitive introduction to current research and theories of racial and ethnic discrimination within America's criminal justice system. The sixth edition covers the best and the most recent research on patterns of criminal behavior and victimization, immigration and crime, drug use, police practices, court processing and sentencing, unconscious bias, the death penalty, and correctional programs, giving students the facts and theoretical foundation they need to make their own informed decisions about discrimination within the system. Uniquely unbiased, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE makes every effort to incorporate discussion of all major race groups found in the United States. What's more, the MindTap® that accompanies this text helps students practice and master techniques and key concepts while engaging them with, career-based decision-making scenarios, visual summaries, and more.
Call Number: STACKS 364.973 W154c
Publication Date: 2017-01-01
An Eye for an Eye: a global history of crime and punishment by Mitchel P. RothFrom "an eye for an eye” to debates over capital punishment, humanity has a long and controversial relationship with doling out justice for criminal acts. Today, crime and punishment remain significant parts of our culture, but societies vary greatly on what is considered criminal and how it should be punished. In this global survey of crime and punishment throughout history, Mitchel P. Roth examines how and why we penalize certain activities, and he scrutinizes the effectiveness of such efforts in both punishing wrongdoers and bringing a sense of justice to victims. Drawing on anthropology, archaeology, folklore, and literature, Roth chronicles the global history of crime and punishment--from early civilizations to the outlawing of sex crimes and serial homicide to the development of organized crime and the threat today of global piracy. He explores the birth of the penitentiary and the practice of incarceration as well as the modern philosophy of rehabilitation, arguing that these are perhaps the most important advances in the effort to safeguard citizens from harm. Looking closely at the retributions societies have condoned, Roth also look at execution and its many forms, showing how stoning, hemlock, the firing squad, and lethal injection are considered either barbaric or justified across different cultures. Ultimately, he illustrates that despite advances in every level of human experience, there is remarkable continuity in what is considered a crime and the sanctions administered. Perfect for students, academics, and general readers alike, this interdisciplinary book provides a fascinating look at criminality and its consequences.
Call Number: STACKS 364.609 R742e
Publication Date: 2015-02-15
From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: the making of mass incarceration in America by Elizabeth HintonIn the United States today, one in every thirty-one adults is under some form of penal control, including one in eleven African American men. How did the "land of the free" become the home of the world's largest prison system? Challenging the belief that America's prison problem originated with the Reagan administration's War on Drugs, Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source: the social welfare programs of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society at the height of the civil rights era. Johnson's War on Poverty policies sought to foster equality and economic opportunity. But these initiatives were also rooted in widely shared assumptions about African Americans' role in urban disorder, which prompted Johnson to call for a simultaneous War on Crime. The 1965 Law Enforcement Assistance Act empowered the national government to take a direct role in militarizing local police. Federal anticrime funding soon incentivized social service providers to ally with police departments, courts, and prisons. Under Richard Nixon and his successors, welfare programs fell by the wayside while investment in policing and punishment expanded. Anticipating future crime, policymakers urged states to build new prisons and introduced law enforcement measures into urban schools and public housing, turning neighborhoods into targets of police surveillance. By the 1980s, crime control and incarceration dominated national responses to poverty and inequality. The initiatives of that decade were less a sharp departure than the full realization of the punitive transformation of urban policy implemented by Republicans and Democrats alike since the 1960s.
Call Number: STACKS 364.973 H597f
Publication Date: 2016-05-02
Tainted Witness: why we doubt what women say about their lives by Leigh GilmoreIn 1991, Anita Hill's testimony during Clarence Thomas's Senate confirmation hearing brought the problem of sexual harassment to a public audience. Although widely believed by women, Hill was defamed by conservatives and Thomas was confirmed to the Supreme Court. The tainting of Hill and her testimony is part of a larger social history in which women find themselves caught up in a system that refuses to believe what they say. Hill's experience shows how a tainted witness is not who someone is, but what someone can become. Why are women so often considered unreliable witnesses to their own experiences? How are women discredited in legal courts and in courts of public opinion? Why is women's testimony so often mired in controversies fueled by histories of slavery and colonialism? How do new feminist witnesses enter testimonial networks and disrupt doubt? Tainted Witness examines how gender, race, and doubt stick to women witnesses as their testimony circulates in search of an adequate witness. Judgment falls unequally upon women who bear witness, as well-known conflicts about testimonial authority in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries reveal. Women's testimonial accounts demonstrate both the symbolic potency of women's bodies and speech in the public sphere and the relative lack of institutional security and control to which they can lay claim. Each testimonial act follows in the wake of a long and invidious association of race and gender with lying that can be found to this day within legal courts and everyday practices of judgment, defining these locations as willfully unknowing and hostile to complex accounts of harm. Bringing together feminist, literary, and legal frameworks, Leigh Gilmore provides provocative readings of what happens when women's testimony is discredited. She demonstrates how testimony crosses jurisdictions, publics, and the unsteady line between truth and fiction in search of justice.
INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 188 member countries. Created in 1923, it facilitates cross-border police co-operation, and supports and assists all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime.
UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices