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Teaching and Learning Resources

Resources for Castleton University faculty to learn more about teaching strategies and best practices in higher education

People of color experience both overt and covert racism in every corner of society, including on our campus. That must end. It is crucial that all of us work to create a university that embraces and practices inclusion and that conducts open and difficult discussions about systemic injustice.

From President Spiro's statement on racist violence

At the CU Library

Proactive Strategies


"Racial microaggressions are brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral, or environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults toward people of color" (Sue et al., 2007, p. 271)

Three forms (Sue et al. 2007):

  • Microassaults: "Explicit racial derogation characterized primarily by a verbal or nonverbal attack meant to hurt the intended victim" (ex: using racial slurs, displaying racist symbols)
  • Microinsults: "Communications that convey rudeness and insensitivity and demean a person’s racial heritage or identity" (ex: calling a person of color "articulate," following a Black customer around the store)
  • Microinvalidations: "Communications that exclude, negate, or nullify the psychological thoughts, feelings, or experiential reality of a person of color" (ex: claiming to be "colorblind," telling someone they're being "oversensitive" when they talk about an experience of racism)

General Resources