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NUR 2510: Evidence-Based Nursing Informatics

Plagiarism: How to Avoid It

Castleton University's Academic Honesty Policy

Excerpt from Castleton's academic honesty policy relevant to using sources:

"Castleton University is a learning institution committed to the highest standards of scholarly conduct. The students, faculty, and administration make up a scholarly community whose integrity and success requires a code of academic honesty that promotes trust and prohibits the attempt to gain unfair academic advantage. Membership in the Castleton community means sharing responsibility for upholding and safeguarding these standards. Any violation of academic honesty will be considered cheating and will be dealt with accordingly by the appropriate authorities.


Definitions of Infractions: The following list is intended to illustrate the types of behaviors that are considered academically dishonest at Castleton. It is only a partial list; other behaviors may, as well, violate the basic principles of academic honesty.

A. Plagiarizing in any form. Plagiarism is stealing. Castleton University defines plagiarism as the act of submitting someone else’s work, words, or ideas (in part or in whole) as if they were one’s own, without proper attribution of credit.

Credit must be attributed to both print and online source materials, including books, periodicals, articles, video, music, and images. The Internet has become a powerful research tool, but students should note that its power also has a double effect: the Internet makes committing and detecting and proving plagiarism much easier.

Additionally, Castleton makes no distinction in the definition of plagiarism on the basis of a student’s intent. Students are responsible for taking pains to familiarize themselves with the citation standards and practices in their respective disciplines and courses to avoid plagiarizing.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to the following:

  • using a source’s exact words without putting those words in quotation marks-this is plagiarism whether or not there is a note attributing the material to a source;
  • putting a source’s exact words in quotes but failing to provide an endnote, footnote, parenthetical note, or other appropriate form of citation indicating the original source;
  • paraphrasing the words of a source but failing to provide an endnote, footnote, parenthetical note, or other appropriate form of citation indicating the original source;
  • splicing together exact phrasing and/or paraphrases from multiple sources but failing to give credit for each element borrowed (“patchwork” or “mosaic” plagiarism);
  • copying and pasting information from a website without correctly citing the Internet source from which the material was taken. The Internet is not public domain;
  • providing only a list of references without properly attributing specific credit for individual quotations or ideas in the body of the text;
  • creating a paraphrase that does not substantially reword the original text-for example, leaving long phrases of the original wording, substituting synonyms for key words but not rephrasing the material, or simply rearranging the original words;
  • receiving excessive critical input from others to the extent that the final text can no longer be viewed as the work primarily of the student submitting it.

B. Buying, copying/downloading from the Internet, or commissioning term papers, essays, or comparable documents and/or submitting the work of another (including the work of another student) as one’s own. 

C. Submitting work that had previously been prepared for another course in fulfillment of the requirements of a subsequent course, except when the student has obtained the explicit prior permission of the current instructor to do so.


Any student who is unsure whether a particular behavior is permissible under Castleton’s academic honesty policy should consult either the instructor of the course for which the work is being done, the student’s faculty advisor, or the Dean of the College in which student is registered."

You can also consult a librarian or the Academic Support Center.

To read Castleton's Academic Honesty Policy in full, see the University Handbook 2020-2021.